Updates
Introduction
Hiragana
Katakana
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Lesson 5
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
Lesson 8
Lesson 9
Lesson 10
Lesson 11
Lesson 12
Lesson 13
Lesson 14
Lesson 15
Lesson 16
Lesson 17
Lesson 18
Lesson 19
Lesson 20
Lesson 21
Lesson 22
Lesson 23
Lesson 24
Lesson 25
Lesson 26
Lesson 27
Lesson 28
Lesson 29
Lesson 30
Lesson 31
Lesson 32
Lesson 33
Lesson 34
Lesson 35
Lesson 36
Lesson 37
Lesson 38
Lesson 39
Lesson 40
Lesson 41
Lesson 42
Lesson 43
Lesson 44
Lesson 45
Lesson 46
Lesson 47
Lesson 48
Lesson 49
Lesson 50
Lesson 51
Lesson 52
Lesson 53
Lesson 54
Lesson 55
Lesson 56
Lesson 57
Lesson 58
Lesson 59
Lesson 60
Lesson 61
Lesson 62
Lesson 63
Lesson 64
Lesson 65
Lesson 66
Lesson 67
Lesson 68
Lesson 69
Lesson 70
Lesson 71
Lesson 72
Lesson 73
Lesson 74
Main Menu
About

LESSON 23- I don't play basketball

In Lesson 19, you learned that the tense masu is the future or habitual tense. The next tense, masen, is the negative of masu. Since shimasu is "to do", then shimasen would be "will not do". You can use that with the three other verbs you learned with this two: renshuu shimasen (won't practice), benkyou shimasen (won't study), and hanashimasen (don't speak). Now let's introduce two more verbs: to read and to listen. To listen is kikimasu, while won't listen is kikimasen. To read is yomimasu and won't read is yomimasen. Now that you know these, you can say even more things.
For example, to say "I will read a newspaper", you would say Shinbun o yomimasu. If you wanted to say "I will not read the magazine", you would say Zasshi o yomimasen. Some new words to learn in relation to listening are a few Japlish words: REKOODO, which means records but isn't used too often anymore; RAJIO, which means radio; and KASETTO TEEPU, which means cassette tape. So for example, if you wanted to say, "I will not listen to records. I will listen to cassette tapes," you would say REKOODO o kikimasen. KASETTO TEEPU o kikimasu.
Let's have a sample dialogue between two people. We'll use two friends: Tetsu and Kenichi.
Tetsu: Kenichi kun, ohayou.
Kenichi: Ohayou, Tetsu kun. Nani o kikimasu ka.
Tetsu: RAJIO o kikimasu.
Kenichi: Sou desu ka. Watashi wa RAJIO o kikimasen.
Tetsu: Sou desu ka. Nani o kikumasu ka.
Kenichi: REKOODO o kikimasu.
Tetsu: Aa. Hon o yomimasu ka.
Kenichi: Hai, anata wa hon o yomimasen ka.
Tetsu: Iie, shimasen.
Kenichi: Sou desu ka.
Tetsu: Hai, sou desu. Ja mata.
Kenichi: Ja mata, Tetsu kun.
In this conversation, after exchanging greetings. Kenichi asks Tetsu what he listens to. Tetsu replies that he listen to the radio. Kenichi says, "Really? I don't listen to the radio." Tetsu then askes, "Really? What do you listen to?" Kenichi replies that he listens to records. Tetsu then asks if he reads books. Tetsu replies, "No, I don't."
The negative masen can be used with any verb that ends in a masu tense.

Vocabulary Review
しません Shimasen- don't do
練習しません Renshuu shimasen- don't practice
勉強しません Benkyou shimasen- don't study
話しません Hanashimasen- don't speak
聞きます Kikimasu- listen
聞きません Kikimasen- don't listen
読みます Yomimasu- read
読みません Yomimasen- don't read
レコード REKOODO- records
カセットテープ KASETTO TEEPU- cassette tape
ラジオ RAJIO- radio

<< Lesson 22 | Lesson 24 >>

Pimsleur Japanese