**LESSON 24- What number is it?**

The Japanese number system is very easy to master once you know the basic ten numbers. The word for number is **ban**, so therefore, to say "what number", the word would be **nanban**. If you wanted to ask "What number is it?" you would say **Nanban desu ka**. Let's look at the numbers:

例/ゼロ **rei/ZERO**- one

一 **ichi**- 1

二 **ni**- 2

三 **san**- 3

四 **yon/shi**- 4

五 **go**- 5

六 **roku**- 6

七 **nana/shichi**- 7

八 **hachi**- 8

九 **kyuu/ku**- 9

十 **juu**- 10

十一 **juuichi**- 11

十二 **juuni**- 12

十三 **juusan**- 13

十四 **juuyon**- 14

十五 **juugo**- 15

十六 **juuroku**- 16

十七 **juunana**- 17

十八 **juuhachi**- 18

十九 **juukyuu/juuku**- 19

二十 **nijuu**- 20

二十一 **nijuuichi**- 21

三十 **sanjuu**- 30

四十 **yonjuu**- 40

五十 **gojuu**- 50

百 **hyaku**- 100

百一 **hyakuichi**- 101

百十一 **hyakujuuichi**- 111

百二十 **hyuakunijuu**- 120

百二十一 **hyakunijuuichi**- 121

Of course, I didn't completely giving you all the numbers. The Japanese number system follows a pattern. Once you get to **nijuuichi**, you merely replace the **ichi** with the other remaining numbers until you get to **nijuukyuu**, when you switch to **sanjuu**. It doesn't take long to master this pattern.

You may wonder about the numbers with two names. **Shi** (4) is associated with death, so people prefer saying **yon** to **shi**. For 7, you would use **shichi** when referring to the time and the month of July. **Nana** is used with a counter, which will be explained later. **Kyuu** and **ku** (9) are used in different situations, but you will learn how to distinguish them later.

Japanese addition is a simple pattern. The word for "added to" is **tasu**. So if you were doing an equation, such as "3 + 7 = 10", you would say **San tasu nana wa juu desu**, which would directly translate to "3 added to 7 is 10".

Try doing some simple math exercises to help with your memorization of the numbers.

*Vocabulary Review*

the numbers- see above

何番 **Nanban**- what number

足す **Tasu**- added to